Hemland

The Hemland was an Ultra Large Crude Carrier that saw its useful life as an oil carrier abruptly ended by the horrors of war after just a little more than a decade of operation. It was built by Mitsui at the Chiba Shipyards in Japan as the sister ship of the Malmros Mariner. Produced for Goteborg, Sweden-based owner Angfartygs Ab Tifring, the Hemland was officially launched on October 5, 1974, before being completed two months later.

Possessing a length of 1,240 feet, the Swedish-flagged Hemland had a beam of 208 feet and a depth of 94 feet. Using a pair of Stal-Laval steam engines, the ship had a gross tonnage of 176,053 and a deadweight tonnage of 372,217.

In 1977, it was purchased by United Oil Carriers, and become Slovenia-flagged while also gaining a new name, the Brazilian Splendour. One year later, it then Liberia-flagged after its 1985 purchase by the Tennessee Shipping Co. Renamed the Hawaii, it was performing its typical tasks of oil delivery when it was attacked by an Iraqi Exocet missile on March 29, 1986.

The attack came during the sixth year of an eight-year conflict between Iraq and Iran and was lethal enough for the ship to be declared a constructive total loss (CTL).

Being a casualty of this conflict put what was once the Hemland in an unfortunately large list of more than 320 oil ships that had been attacked. That phase of the war had begun two years earlier, with Iraq originally only targeting Iranian ships. Eventually, their strategy changed to focusing on attacks of international ships, which ultimately made the re-named Hawaii a clear target.

Following the CTL designation, the ship was taken by Ocean Finance Trading, to the Kaohsiung shipyard in Taiwan, where it was officially scrapped on February 2, 1987.