The Damavand is a Very Large Crude Carrier constructed in 2003 at the Dalian Shipyard in China, four years after the original order for the ship had been placed. The double hull steel tanker uses a Sulzer engine and has a gross tonnage of 160,576 tons and a deadweight tonnage of 304,766 tons. In the latter case, that weight is for tropical areas, while travel during the winter in areas that are more affected by climate reduces the amount to 289,070 tons.
The ship’s length is set at 894 feet, the breadth is 190 feet and the depth is situated at 102 feet. It was originally named the Iran Damavand before being shortened in 2008, following its sale in April of that year to the National Iranian Tanker Company. The ship had been Malta-flagged up until the time of the sale, at which point the Iranian flag served as its replacement.
What likely serves as the most dramatic of the Damavand’s time on the water took place in May 2011, when the Damavand was attacked by Somali pirates while traveling through the Gulf of Aden. The quick actions of the Iranian Navy were able to repel the threat, with that attentiveness primarily due to the fact that it was the 11th such attempt since the start of that year.
Those attacks were ironic considering that the Damavand’s range to deliver oil for a number of years was compromised by political sanctions that were put in place because of Iranian support of terrorism. While those sanctions were lifted in early 2016, the continuing issue of lower oil prices has continued to cause havoc. Prior to that, the ship had been subject to public calls to have the Damavand banned from entering ports, an effort that was moderately successful.